Diet

Eating a High Folate Diet, Part 3

Eating Your Folate

Looking at the list of high folate foods and trying to figure out how to get enough folate each day can seem a bit overwhelming, especially if you are considering a massive change in your diet. To help make eating your folate a little more understandable, below are 3 examples of ways you can get 100% of the folate you need in one day.

Please keep in mind that you don’t need to make drastic changes. While you do need to get enough folate, especially if you have an MTHFR anomaly, start small. Try eating just one high folate food each day, when you are comfortable with that change, add a second serving of high folate food a day. Keep adding high folate foods like this and pretty soon you will be getting all the folate you need.

 

Day 1

Cup of strawberries with breakfast – 10 %

Cup of orange juice with breakfast – 12%

Small pack of peanuts for snack – 10%

Bowl of spinach salad for lunch (2 cups) – 30%

½ cup corn with dinner – 13%

½ cup of beans with dinner – 23%

Total: 98% of daily folate

 

Day 2

2 tablespoons wheat germ mixed with oatmeal – 10%

Cup of orange juice with breakfast – 12%

Cup of papaya for snack – 13%

½ cup corn for lunch – 13%

½ cup broccoli for lunch – 13%

½ cup lentils with dinner – 45%

Total: 106% of daily folate

 

Day 3

½ cup strawberries with breakfast – 10%

½ cup avacado dip with pretzels for snack – 15%

4 stacks boiled asparagus with lunch – 22%

Cup tomato juice with lunch – 12%

Small pack of peanuts for snack – 10%

½ cup green peas with dinner – 12%

½ cup beans with dinner – 23%

Total: 103% of daily folate

 

Part 2

Eating a High Folate Diet, Part 2

Preparing High Folate Foods

In general, high folate foods can be divided into two groups: fruits and vegetables, and everything else. When discussing folate and cooking, these groups matter, in fact they matter a lot. Fruits and vegetables had a type of folate that gets easily broken down so the body can’t use it. To get the maximum effective folate, you need to buy, store and prepare high folate fruits and vegetables in ways that won’t damage their folate.

For everything else, go to town. Beans, liver, lentils and other non-fruit and vegetable sources of folate contain a form of folate that is not as easily damaged. So you can pretty much ignore everything else in this section if you are cooking any of those folate sources. Bake, boil, fry, have fun. The folate will still be there for you when you eat them.

Buying and Storing High Folate Fruits and Vegetables

There are three things that break down the folate in fruits and vegetables: air, water and heat. By protecting your fruit and vegetables from them you can ensure the highest level of folate possible.

Air: The folate in fruit is protected from air by the fruits skin or peel. Vegetables don’t have this protection, and protecting them fro air in storage is not really possible unless you have some way to vacuum seal your food. Your best option for vegetables with folate is to buy the as fresh as possible and eat them quickly. If you have the room and time, growing your own vegetables is a great way to get the highest possible folate – you can pick them right before you eat. Once fruit gas been sliced, it will also begin to lose folate.

Water: Actually, there is one way to store high folate vegetables that protects them from air – canning. However, make sure any canned fruit or vegetables you buy for folate are canned in syrup or oil. High folate vegetables or fruits that are canned in water rather than syrup will likely be low folate by the time you open the cans. Cooking high folate vegetables in water will also remove folate from your food. So when you cook go for grilling, stir frying or a quick steam cooker. Boiling is definitely not the best option.

Heat: Cooking of course leads to the last thing that damages the folate in food, heat. High folate fruits and vegetables are best eaten raw when possible. If you do cook them you are best going to with a quick cooking method that doesn’t expose the vegetables to heat long, like the above mentioned grilling and stir fry.

 

Why Cooked Vegetables Seem to Have More Folate

Many people get confused when they research foods high in folate, because the see frequent warnings not to cook their high folate foods, and then find lists of high folate foods, like our list in Part 1 of Eating a High Folate Diet, that say, for instance, a half cup of boiled spinach has more folate then a cup of raw spinach. The fact is that both statements are true – and the folate food lists are unintentionally very misleading. The reason for this is the confusing system we use in America for measuring our food.

Cups are volume measurements. Volume measurements are notoriously unreliable because the volume food takes up changes depending on a number of things, including how the food is cooked. A better measure for how much food you are eating is actually weight, which is the way food is measured in Europe. Looking at boiled and raw spinach by weight, it turns out that ½ lb of spinach makes 1 serving (that half cup on the list) of boiled spinach. That same ½ pound can make 7 ½ servings of raw spinach (½ lb is 226 grams, 1 cup of raw spinach is considered to be 30 grams). This means that you can each a ½ lb of spinach raw, and get 100% of your folate for the day, or boil is and get 29% of your folate for the day. To be fair, most people will not be interested in 3 bowls (2 servings to a bowl) of spinach salad in a day. In which case you are still better having one bowl, and saving the rest for tomorrow. You’ll get more folate out of the same amount of food, and save some money (by making 3 meals with that food instead of 1) at the same time.

The Exception to the Rule

There is one vegetable that actually has more folate when it is cooked, asparagus. Asparagus apparently contains nutrients that when exposed to heat combine to form folate, so you get more folate from cooked asparagus than from raw asparagus – nearly 4 times more.

Part 1 | Part 3

Eating a High Folate Diet

It is very important for people with MTHFR anomalies to get enough folate, whether in the form of naturally occurring folate, folic acid or other folate supplements. MTHFR anomalies interfere with the body’s absorption of folic acid, so a high folate diet is one of the best ways to get enough folate. Unfortunately, some naturally occurring folate can be destroyed very easily through improper storage or cooking. Eating a high folate diet means not just eating foods high in folate, but knowing how to prepare them so you can get the maximum benefit.

Part 1 – Sources of Folate

Naturally occurring folate can be found in a number of food sources. The best known sources of folate are green leafy vegetables like romaine lettuce and spinach. What many people do not realize is that folate is also found in many varieties of beans. The biggest problem Americans have getting a high folate diet isn’t difficulty in finding foods high in folate, it’s that high folate foods just aren’t a part of the typical American diet.

Foods High in Folate:

Beef liver, cooked, braised, 3 ounces – 54%
Lentils, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, ½ cup – 45%
Spinach, frozen, cooked, boiled, ½ cup – 29%
Great Northern beans, boiled, ½ cup – 23%
Asparagus, boiled, 4 spears – 22%
Avocado, raw, all varieties, sliced, ½ cup – 15%
Spinach, raw, 1 cup – 15%
Papaya, raw, 1 cup cubes – 13%
Corn, sweet, yellow, canned ½ cup – 13%
Broccoli, chopped, frozen, cooked, ½ cup – 13%
Tomato Juice, canned, 1 cup – 12%
Green peas, frozen, boiled, ½ cup – 12%
Orange juice, chilled, includes concentrate, 1 cup – 12%
Peanuts, all types, dry roasted, 1 ounce – 10%
Broccoli, raw, 2 spears (each 5 inches long) – 10%
Wheat germ, crude, 2 Tablespoons – 10%
Strawberries, raw, 1 cup – 10%

Part 2